A GENERAL THEORY OF MULTIVALUATION A GENERAL THEORY OF MULTIVALUATION

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(Old Database about Coordination)

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SICILIAN

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Cite as

Himmelreich, Anke, Melissa Jeckel, Katharina Hartmann, Johannes Mursell, Nelli Kerezova, and Peter W. Smith (2021): Agreement with Coordinated Subjects in the World's Languages. Ms., Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main (Link: http://www.multivaluation.de/database.php)

Overview

Language family:Indo-European (Romance)
Countries:Italy
Number of speakers:4.7 million
Agreement features:number, person
Attested word orders:SV
Coordination types:and, or

Data Collection

The data were entered by a native speaker via an online survey.

Patterns for number

Coordination with ``and''

SV order

Pattern: The number on the verb is plural in all cases.

1st | 2ndsgpl
sgplpl
plplpl

Examples:

(1)     ilragazzoel-uomocorrono
the.sgboy.sgandthe.sg-man.sgrun.3pl
`The boy and the man run.'
(2)     iragazziel-uomocorrono.
the.plboy.plandthe.sg-man.sgrun.3pl
`The boys and the man run.'
(3)     ilragazzoegliuominicorrono.
the.sgboy.sgandthe.plman.plrun.3pl
`The boy and the men run.'
(4)     iragazziegliuominicorrono.
the.plboy.plandthe.plman.plrun.3pl
`The boys and the men run.'

Coordination with ``or''

VS order

Pattern: With two singular conjuncts, the verb is singular. If the two conjuncts mismatch in number, number is resolved to plural.

1st | 2ndsgpl
sgsgpl
plplpl

Examples:

(5)     Ocorreilragazzool'uomo
orrun.3sgthe.sg.mascboy.sgorthe.sg-man.sg
`The boy or the man run.'
(6)     Ocorronoiragazziol'uomo
orrun.3plthe.pl.mascboy.plorman.sg
`The boys or the man run.'
(7)     Ocorronoiragazziogliuomini
orrun.3plthe.pl.mascboy.plorthe.pl.mascman.pl
`The boys or the men run.'

Patterns for person

Coordination with ``and''

SV order

Pattern: In all cases, person seems to be resolved according to the hierarchy 1 > 2 > 3. (Note: number is resolved to plural.)

1st | 2nd123
11pl1pl
21pl
31pl

Examples:

(8)     tueiocorriamo.
youandIrun.1pl
`You and I run.'
(9)     Ioetucorriamo.
Iandyourun.1pl
`I and you run.'
(10)     Noielorocorriamo.
weandtheyrun.1pl
`We and they run.'
(11)     Sia lorochenoicorriamo.
theyandwerun.1pl
`They and we run.'

Coordination with ``or''

1st | 2nd123
11pl1pl
21pl
31pl

Examples:

(12)     Ocorrituocorroio
orrun.2sgyouorrun.1sgI
`You or I run.'
(13)     Ocorroioocorritu
orrun.1sgIorrun.2sgyou
`I or you run.'
(14)     Ocorriamonoiocorronoloro
orrun.1plweorrun.3plthey
`We or they run.'
(15)     Ocorronoloroocorriamo.noi
orrun.3pltheyorrun.1plwe
`They or we run.'