A GENERAL THEORY OF MULTIVALUATION A GENERAL THEORY OF MULTIVALUATION

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(Old Database about Coordination)

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FRIULIAN

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Cite as

Himmelreich, Anke, Melissa Jeckel, Katharina Hartmann, Johannes Mursell, Nelli Kerezova, and Peter W. Smith (2021): Agreement with Coordinated Subjects in the World's Languages. Ms., Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main (Link: http://www.multivaluation.de/database.php)

Overview

Language family:Indo-European (Romance)
Countries:Italy
Number of speakers:420,000
Agreement features:number, person
Attested word orders:SV
Coordination types:and, or

Data Collection

The data were entered by a native speaker via an online survey.

Patterns for number

Coordination with ``and''

SV order

Pattern: The number on the verb is plural in all cases.

1st | 2ndsgpl
sgplpl
plplpl

Examples:

(1)     Ilfantatel'omacorin.
the.sgboy.sgandthe-man.sgtheyrun.3pl
`The boy and the man run.'
(2)     Ifantasel'omacorin.
the.plboy.plandthe-man.sgtheyrun.3pl
`The boys and the man run.'
(3)     Ilfantateiompsacorin.
the.sgboy.sgandthe.plman.pltheyrun.3pl
`The boy and the men run.'
(4)     Ifantaseiompsacorin.
the.plboy.plandthe.plman.pltheyrun.3pl
`The boys and the men run.'

Coordination with ``or''

SV order

Pattern: The number on the verb is plural in all cases.

1st | 2ndsgpl
sgplpl
plplpl

Examples:

(7)     Ilfantatol'omacorin.
the.sgboy.sgorthe-man.sgtheyrun.3pl
`The boy or the man run.'
(8)     Ifantasol'omacorin.
the.plboy.plorman.sgtheyrun.3pl
`The boys or the man run.'
(9)     Ilfantatoiompsacorin.
the.sgboy.sgorthe.plman.pltheyrun.3pl
`The boy or the men run.'
(10)     Ifantasoiompsacorin.
the.plboy.plorthe.plman.pltheyrun.3pl
`The boys or the men run.'

Patterns for person

Coordination with ``and''

SV order

Pattern: In all cases, person seems to be resolved according to the hierarchy 1 > 2> 3. (Note: number is resolved to plural.)

1st | 2nd123
11pl1pl
21pl
31pl

Examples:

(13)     Tuejoicorìn.
youandIwerun.1pl
'You and I run.'
(14)     Joetuicorìn.
Iandyouwerun.1pl
'I and you run.'
(15)     elôricorìn.
weandtheywerun.1pl
'We and they run.'
(16)     Lôreicorìn.
theyandwewerun.1pl
'They and we run.'

Coordination with ``or''

SV order

Pattern: In all cases, person seems to be resolved according to the hierarchy 1 > 2> 3. (Note: number is resolved to plural.)

1st | 2nd123
11pl1pl
21pl
31pl

Examples:

(17)     Tuojoicorìn.
youorIwerun.1pl
'You or I run.'
(18)     Jootuicorìn.
Ioryouwerun.1pl
'I or you run.'
(19)     olôricorìn.
Weortheywerun.1pl
'We or they run.'
(20)     Lôroicorìn.
theyorwewerun.1pl
'They or we run.'